The Bujinkan organization incorporates the teachings of the martial arts lineages (ryūha) that Masaaki Hatsumi learnt from Takamatsu Toshitsugu under the banner of Bujinkan Budo Taijutsu These are
The Nine Schools of the Bujinkan
The Nine Schools of the Bujinkan
Togakure-ryū Ninpō Taijutsu (戸隠流忍法体術)
Gyokko ryū Kosshi jutsu (玉虎流骨指術)
Kuki Shinden Happō Bikenjutsu (九鬼神伝流八法秘剣術)
Koto Ryū Koppō jutsu (虎倒流骨法術)
Shinden Fudo Ryū Dakentai jutsu (神伝不動流打拳体術)
Takagi Yoshin Ryū Jūtai jutsu (高木揚心流柔体術)
Gikan Ryū Koppō jutsu (義鑑流骨法術)
Gyokushin-ryū Ryū Ninpō (玉心流忍法)
Kumogakure Ryū Ninpō (雲隠流忍法)
1.Togakure-ryū Ninpō Taijutsu (戸隠流忍法体術)
Togakure Ryu Ninpo Taijutsu
Mount Hei is where the tendai Monastery is sited. So-o was a monk at this place, but left to live for three years in a cave as an ascetic. It was after a dream that he formed the Shugendo Sect of Buddhism. These monks today still exist and it was within this sect in a small village called Togakure in the prefecture of Iga in approximately 1165 Daisuke Nishina was born, a samurai. it is within the Tendai sect that 750 years later the 33rd soke of the ryu would become abbot, at Mount Hei. Daisuke was on the losing side of a battle in the 1180’s and was forced to flee into Iga, here he was found by Kain Doshi (possibly Kagakure Doshi). He adopted Doshi’s warrior teachings to his own Shugendo and the beginnings of Togakure Ryu were formed. Togakure Ryu never had an official founding as some martial arts justDaisuke the founder and Shima, who was alive at the same time and worked with Daisuke. Goro Togakure is recognised as being the person who officially formed the family of Togakure into a ninjutsu system that we learn today. Of the first eight generations five had the name Togakure, as with most martial traditions it possibly passed from father to son, it is said that it continued in this way until the 1600’s (?) when immediate family died out and the chief branch of the clan Toda took over the leadership. The 33rd soke Takamatsu was the last member of the Toda line. It is interesting to note that the 11th, 12th and 13th soke of the ryu are named after the main town of Iga UENO. It was the tradition in those days to be named after the town or village that one came from.
The 2nd soke of the ryu Shima Kosanta Minamoto No Kanesada was a samurai retainer having the rank of Kosho, for one of the most powerful samurai generals Kiso Yoshinaka, who was a general in the Minamoto army. The Minamoto were in time (1185) to become the first hereditary shogun. When he was 16 Shima fought against the Tiara family, the rivals of the Minamoto, the battle took place at Awazu, Yoshinaka was on the losing side. It is thought that Shima was wounded in the battle and fled to one of the nearby mountainous areas near to the battle site, Shima only did this at the request of Yoshinaka.
Kagakure Doshi, a ninja from the Hakuun ryu, found Shima and together they fled to Iga, Kagakure was also one of the teachers of Daisuke Togakure, who later on took Shima into his care. The Hakuun ryu of ninjutsu was founded by Garyu Doji but was later completed by Hakuun Doji who later gave the ryu its name.
Masunari Hanzo of the Hattori family learned martial arts and ninjutsu from his father Hattori Nazo Yasunaga from the time he was a child. He virtually grew up in the practice and tradition of martial arts. When Tokugawa Ieyasu raided Uzichijo of Migawa at night, Masanari Hanzo who was only sixteen years old at the rime earned a commendation for his talents on his first time in battle. He was then given the name Hanzo the Ghost, and was well recognised by Ieyasu, even today the legendary name of Hanzo is still being sung everywhere at the places of Kawauchi. Hanzo Hattori was also known as Hanzo the Great Lancer, a person of great strength.
Hanzo had a friend who was a Koga ninja, he was Shiro Tarao, with his help Hanzo managed to get Tokugawa Ieyasu to Okazakijo safely using five ways of flee skills by setting up a defensive formation along the road and special ninjutsu running methods. Hanzo’s numerous merits gained him recognition and he was put in charge of the Hassenishi samurai. Hanzo then came to be known as “Hattori Hanzo Iwaminokami”.
In 1567 Oda Nobunaga invaded the Iga Region, the Hattori family was completely defeated in battle, only 80 survived the attack.
The Kamihattori family fled to nagaoka in Echigo.
The Shimohattori family were given protection by the Tokugawa family in Mikawa or the Ochi family in Takatori, Yamato.
The Nakahattori family fled into the mountains of Takano, Kishu.
In the Eiroku Period (1558-69) Hattori Hanzo and Hattori Masunari of kamihattori swore allegiance to Tokugawa Ieyasu.
32nd soke Toggakure Ryu Shinkenryu Masamitsu Toda was also a master in the Bikenshin ryu and was sword instructor for the Tokugawa in the mis 19th century.
Sensei Toshitsugu Takamatsu
Toshitsugu Takamatsu was the 33rd soke of the Togakure Ryu ninjutsu and personal sensei to Masaaki Hatsumi, 34th soke. Takamatsu was the instructor of the Kukishinden school, Shobu Bureau, a former president of the Nippori Minkoku Seinin Botokukai (Association of Martial Arts for Japanese Youth). He was officially recognised as Master Sensei of Jutaijutsu (The art of self defence) and Bojutsu.
In his youth Takamatsu was called “Jutaro”.
At the Kobe Match Company run by Takamatsu’s father a fire broke out, while everyone was rushing about Takamatsu puffed on a cigar and thought how to handle the fire, finally he put on his gi, poured water over himself and knocked down a sliding wall/screen and the ceiling. In doing so he extinguished the fire. Watching was master Ishitani who later said “He is every bit what I believed him to be.”
While Takamatsu was in China in the early 20th Century he fought a military man of about 248lb in weight, called Zhang Zi Liang. He was an expert in the art of Shorinji Kenpo. After being challenged three times Takamatsu decided to fight him. Zhang attacked with leaping kicks, Takamatsu sprang lightly from side to side etc. sometimes covering distances of up to 11ft. Due to his training Takamatsu never broke out into a sweat, but Zhang being weighty looked like a waterfall. An uncle of the Emperor of China offered to stop the match, Takamatsu agreed as he thought it does not matter who wins or loses in martial arts, and he shook hands with Zhang. Even though Zhang was older than Takamatsu he asked if he could be taken on as a disciple, and they became sworn brothers. Zhang told Takamatsu that if anything should happen to him he would come tohis aid no matter how.
At some later time when Takamatsu failed to use his hensojutsu properly Zhang came to his aid.
Takamatsu sensei returned from China in 1919 to study and be ordained as a Mikkyo and Tendai preist of Mount Hei, Kyoto. He accomplished this all by the age of thirty.
In his later years Takamatsu sent his friend Ryotaro Koyama an exact floorplan of Koyama’s house even though he had never been inside.
Hatsumi went to visit Takamatsu with his wife, together they were going to see a waterfall in the Iga mountains. When they arrived Takamatsu said it was not a good day to visit the falls and would stay at home instead but Hatsumi and his wife decided to visit the falls without Takamatsu. When they got near the falls it started to rain heavily and they did not see the falls that day. Takamatsu had perceived that the weather would change that day.
Daisuke Togakure (Nishina)
Shima Kosanta Minamoto No Kanesada
Seiryu Nobutsuna Toda
Fudo Nobuchika Toda
Kangoro Nobuyasu Toda
Eisaburo Nobumasa Toda
Shingoro Masayoshi Toda
Daigoro Chikahide Toda
Daisaburo Chikashige Toda
Shinryuken Masamitsu Toda